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Keith Crouch This project has identified industries where sub-micrometer beryllium particle control is an issue.

This project is c haracterizing exposures and assessing controls. G aps in current control methods to reduce exposure are being evaluated. Alan Echt Development and evaluation of controls to reduce silica exposures in construction 1 journal article and 3 indepth technical reports A Method for Simultaneous Analysis of Multiple Pesticides Project Officer: The four differing classeswere chloroacetanilide, triazine, phenoxyalkanoic acid and glyphosate and specific pesticides were atrazine, metolachlor, 2,4-D and glyphosate.

Benefits of FCMIA over existing technologies include increased speed, smaller sample volumes, equivalent or better sensitivity andgreater dynamic range. Jamie Bennett Improved understanding of particle loss and leakage in filter cassettes Three journal articles and 2 NIOSH technical reports Improved understanding of exposures and controls for silica Physical Characterization of Ultrafine Particles Project Officer: Andrew Maynard Estimation of the relationship between aerosol mass and surface area during ultrafine aerosol generation Development of a method to estimate aerosol surface area from number and mass concentration measurements Development of a method to depth profile the surface of ultrafine particles using analytical electron microscopy to investigate surface enrichment of elements in welding fume 2 published papers, 1 in preparation Applied Monitoring Studies Project Officer: Dave Marlow Multiple reports on controls for reducing worker exposures to asphalt fume Improved understanding of exposures and exposure controls for asphalt fume Analysis of Silica Polymorphs Project Officer: Rosa Key-Schwartz Standard Reference Materials SRMs for silica alpha-quartz and cristobalite were deposited onto filters for working standards through contract.

The protocol used for deposition may be used in the future for a more precise generation of Proficiency Analytical Testing PAT samples. Generation of alpha-quartz SRMs were used to compare the U.

Harmonization may be possible since the calibration curves were equivalent when the bulks were passed through a cyclone to correct for particle size differences. A detailed analysis of those laboratories resulted in several publications which listed recommendations for standard laboratory practices. OSHA rule making on the silica standard is considering incorporating these standard practices as part of an appendix.

Teresa Seitz Evaluated the effectiveness of local exhaust ventilation in preventing the spread and reducing the concentration of aerosols during autopsies performed with a reciprocating saw. Evaluated the generation and decay clearance of polystyrene latex particles in ambulances equipped with and without a supplemental HEPA filtration system Results of above work have been published as HHE final reports.

Cynthia Hines Completed Year 1 of two-year field data collection. Brian Curran Approximately air samples collected from Iowa farm and non-farm homes; majority had non-detectable pesticide levels. Preliminary results have been presented at two scientific conferences. Lauralynn Taylor Study protocol was developed and peer-reviewed by scientific experts, industry representatives, union delegates and industry associations.

Data collection was conducted on 16 flight segments with the cooperation of multiple airlines. Rob McCleery Field evaluation of air sampling methods for collecting B.

Martha Waters Characterized total, inhalable, and respirable particulate levels on a large series of commercial transport aircraft flights, including smoking and nonsmoking flights, for the first time. Jean Cox-Ganser Evaluated correlations between health symptoms and environmental measures.

Correlated w ork-related asthma symptoms with environmental measures of particles, allergens, fungi and bacteria in air and chair dust in a healthcare facility. Provided Health Hazard Evaluations for indoor environmental quality. The standard has been completed and approved by subcommittee, and will be issued when dissenting votes are resolved. Participated, as a voting member, in the ASAE-PMO committee developing performance standards for environmental tractor cabs used for pesticide application.

Ernie Moyer Assisted in numerous international infection control courses that included respiratory protection as it relates to stopping the spread of TB among health care workers in Russia and Brazil. Initiated work on infection control methods including the effectiveness of surgical masks in preventing wearers patients from spreading by aerosolization viable bacteria and the effectiveness of an electrostatic netting material which could be used for a net-type enclosure application to control the spread of TB infection.

Initiated evaluation of 95 filter media to determine aerosol penetration characteristic from low to high flow rates and to use the results in ventilation modeling software to predict overall performance of filters in the field. Ernie Moyer Evaluated the efficiency of tractor cabs filtration systems with the mobile and stationary tests.

Chris Coffey Initiated work on new methods for the analysis of indoor air samples and for the evaluation of the actual service life of ventilation filters under real world use conditions.

Published in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology Demonstrated that diacetyl a primary flavoring component also showed respiratory epithelial damage but not to the same extent as the intact butter flavoring.

Provided control and respiratory protection recommendations to flavorings plant operators. Initiated work with flavoring and food scientists regarding alternative flavoring formulations powders vs. Dee Cress Applied aerosol characterization and control technologies for a broad range of airborne hazards including molds, asbestos-contaminated vermiculite, wood dusts, Mycobacterium bovis, beryllium, and food flavorings.

Evaluated and demonstrated the efficacy of field use of laser-induced-breakdown spectroscopy for realtime detection of beryllium. Kay Kreiss Contributed to the development of new aerosol exposure assessment methods and standards, including instrumentation for homeland security. Christine Schuler Conducted exposure assessment and epidemiology studies to identify work processes that convey risks for the development of beryllium sensitization and chronic beryllium disease.

Proposed that bioavailability of inhaled and deposited particles rather than simple airborne mass exposure could be the appropriate metric for aerosol inhalation risks for beryllium. Recommended that workers should be protected from dermal exposures to beryllium, in addition to traditional emphasis on protection from inhalation exposures.

Prepared a report on relationships between settled dust samples, air samples and health outcomes. Prepared a report on the estimated number of workers who may be exposed to beryllium in the primary and downstream beryllium industries to provide an improved basis for protecting workers from exposure to beryllium.

Developed a comprehensive plan for evaluating worker exposures to beryllium aerosols and particles. Bean Chen A microbial assay was developed for detecting airborne fungi. It has sensitivity of detecting spores and specificity of amplifying only target fungi without cross-amplification with non-fungal DNA. Effect of dusts on the PCR method was investigated. Results indicate that inhibition varies with the type and amount of dusts. Minimal interference was detected for samples collected from personal samplers.

A personal sampler was developed for bioaerosol screening using PCR. Martin Harper A project is being prepared to investigate the formation of secondary organic aerosol in indoor air through the interaction of ozone and organic vapors. A project is being prepared to investigate inhalable samplers for wood-dust.

David Frazer Developed a system which measures the air flow and aerosol size distribution expelled during a cough. Measured air flows and aerosol size distributions from healthy volunteers during coughs.

Developed a computational fluid dynamics CFD model to examine how aerosols are dispersed during a cough. Communication interventions were produced in collaboration with an allied program project.

These interventions were released in newsletters, journals, trade publications, and general mail to increase awareness of NIOSH portable methods for airborne metals among industrial hygienists.

Research findings were presented in manuscripts, platform presentations, and workshops. Hematology and Oncology The Section of Hematology and Oncology supplies our physicians with the knowledge and skills needed to function as a specialist in hematology and oncology. Infectious Diseases The Section of Infectious Diseases is committed to excellence in its mission of research, clinical care and education.

Molecular Medicine The Section of Molecular Medicine is focused on performing cutting-edge research in cellular and molecular mechanisms of human disease. Nephrology The Section of Nephrology provides the highest standard of care for patients with kidney disease and is a world leader in cutting-edge research on inherited forms of kidney disease and dialysis therapies. Rheumatology The Section of Rheumatology promotes and supports education, research, and clinical care of rheumatic diseases.

Herrington, MD Professor, Cardiology. Our Research The reputation of the Department of Internal Medicine at Wake Forest Baptist Health as a nationally prominent research department continues to be sustained by substantive extramural funding from prestigious agencies such as the National Institutes of Health.

Education and Training Our residency program and fellowships offer clinical problem-solving skills and prepare learners for lifetime learning and professional growth.

Residency Fellowships Fellowships, cont. Clerkships Internal Medicine Residency Program Developing a new generation of internal medicine physicians, scientists, educators and leaders. Allergy and Immunology Fellowship Program A two-year fellowship that is an integrated internal medicine-pediatric program providing comprehensive exposure to the diagnosis, treatment and management of allergic immunologic diseases.

Cardiovascular Medicine Fellowship Program A three-year program providing fellows with supervised training in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular Research Fellowship Program A two-year or four-year program that trains physician-scientists to be fluent in the latest developments in clinical cardiovascular research. Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship Program A two-year program providing extensive experience in all areas of electrophysiology and exposure to a wide variety of patients and arrhythmias.

Critical Care Fellowship Program A one or two-year program offering a strong core of multidisciplinary critical care training. Endocrinology and Metabolism Fellowship Program A two-year program which includes exposure to a diverse group of patients with the full spectrum of endocrine disorders.

Gastroenterology Fellowship Program A program providing the fundamental experience necessary to offer comprehensive consultation across the breadth of gastroenterology and hepatology.

Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship Program Offering a one-year, robust fellowship experience focused on clinical care, teaching and research since Infectious Disease Fellowship Program A two-year clinical or three-year academic program offering clinical training in infectious diseases. Nephrology Fellowship Program A two-year program providing intensive experience and instruction in all areas of clinical nephrology. Pulmonary and Critical Care Fellowship Program Our goal is to train outstanding physician leaders who improve the health of people with respiratory disease and critical illness.

Internal research can include looking at: Advantages of internal research Internal research can benefit your business in several areas, such as: Costs - hiring external researchers is often more expensive than using your existing employees.

Keeping the tasks in-house also means you can control and monitor expenses and resources better. Flexibility - internal teams can be more agile when carrying out research. They can also adapt quicker to the specific or changing needs of the business.

Security - keeping research in-house can help prevent leakage of information or intellectual property outside of the organisation. Disadvantages of internal research One of the biggest downsides of internal research is the potential lack of specialisation.

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(A) Internal Sources: These refer to the sources of information within the organisation. In certain cases internal sources are indispensable without which the researcher cannot obtain desired results.

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Research Resources The Emory University Department of Medicine Office of Research offers internal faculty members and trainees various resources, programs, tips .

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Internal research and development You can carry out your own research and development (R&D) in-house. If you do not have the resources, you could consider outsourcing to external contractors. Relying on internal staff may cause survey question bias and inadequate customer satisfaction research. Disadvantage: Resources External marketing research firms may have access to proprietary software, research pools and expert analysis not available within the company.

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Jul 20,  · Control Technology Research for Worker Health. Project Officer: R. Leroy Mickelsen. The purpose of this project is to manage several short . EMU Research Internal Research Internal research funding supports faculty research, creative, and scholarly endeavors; promotes the University’s research profile and prestige in the community; and is a valuable means of leveraging external support.