The teachers were quite busy in orientating us on the school environment and thus, it was difficult to find the right set of activities to engage us. Adapting to the American culture was also a challenge by which the educational experiences in France and America were different. In addition, the students spoke different languages such that even those that came from Francophone countries found it difficult understanding each other.
From a personal perspective, the incorporation of the American curriculum was quite a struggle because of being accustomed to the French curriculum. In addition, most of the classes were boring and did not provide the appropriate skills and pedagogy, which in most cases is very inelastic, formed between American and French cultures.
It is worth noting that power balance lacks in urban communities with the view that some individuals perceive themselves to be at higher grounds when compared to others. The imbalance has affected policing whereby it has significantly dropped in the last three decades. My learning experience at the urban school was characterized by mobility and diversity, high levels of deprivation and hence illustrating that there is a disconnection between communities and schools.
Also, the teachers never taught about the role of politics in their lives and hence making it difficult to present the role of leadership in such an environment. Weiner asserts that school leaders should empower the community to find their political voice and that urban educators must be able to incorporate what learners need instead of unnecessary aspects.
For this reason, as suggested by Weiner urban educators should be able to include themselves along with their students in a political discussion on both aspects of policy and practice. Riley assert that urban school leaders should go beyond boundaries to make learning accessible and also fun by incorporating what the students like. From a personal perspective, an enquiry approach should be put in place such that students are involved in the formation of the curriculum in regards to their interests.
Such an approach makes it possible to identify the learning needs such that the unnecessary elements are removed while focus is put on skill development. In other words, there should be a paradigm shift to allow students to voice in setting the pedagogy and curriculum. I had limited experience in regards to a multicultural environment, as well as challenges. In essence everything I thought about learning and what I had amassed in France had to be changed to fit into the bicultural society.
Nonetheless, the diversity has helped me amass significant diversity skills, and I have found ways to deal with the challenges. I can now interact with people from diverse cultures. I found out in my research that there are different types of tracks. For example there is high or low tracking, all the students in each class are on the same level.
Tracking seems to be a good idea, but in reality it seems to be very complicated. I also found out that it affects the teachers in different ways. Teachers teach in different styles to educate their students.
The students in high track classrooms are taught the content of the curriculum and the students in the lower track classrooms just briefly cover different subjects. In other words the high track students are challenged and the low track students are not. Low track teachers seem to have low expectations of their students Callahan and high track classrooms have a positive attitude which helps the students desire to learn Hotter The classroom has become very culturally diverse with students from all over the world.
I found out that the students who were in the low tracks were predominately minorities, and the high track students were Caucasians and Asians.
Records of the grouping that had taken place during the first week of kindergarten which was then passed on to the teachers in the upper grades, providing the basis for further differential treatment. This is true because working in the school system you here teachers telling other teachers about the students they have in their classrooms, and what to expect if they come into their classrooms.
In conclusion I found out that tracking is not the main problem it has its positive and negative points. I believe that if all students had the equal opportunity of a good early education there would be more students excelling in our schools. For example if all students had the opportunity to attend preschool it would help the students from being put into high or low track groups as all children would have the same opportunity in education my opinion is that detracking would help all students work and learn from each other no matter what their level is in the classroom.
Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Multicultural Education specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. Peers and staff at major universities will review information collected in order to test for reliability and validity. Follow up studies will be necessary in order to determine the future efficacy of the theory proposed.
Results The researcher suggests that the results of the study will reveal the critical factors that are likely to impact student's success in the classroom with regard to multicultural education. From the results of the fieldwork the researcher proposes that several factors will need to be adopted by faculty and staff in order to improve student outcome in the classroom.
Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum and teaching. Handbook of research on multicultural education.
Exploring the interactive continuum. Southern Illinois University Press, p. Teaching That Play a Role. Multicultural education researchers and educators agree that preservice teachers' attitudes, beliefs, and understandings are important: Teacher attitudes and beliefs influence teaching behaviors, which affect student learning and behavior Wiest, A decade earlier leading education experts Hollingsworth was able to identify a method for helping students of teaching to challenge their convictions and apply them to their careers.
Sleeter describes some investigations, such as miniethnographies, that her students conduct: I regard extended…… [Read More]. Media Literacy Educators in the. As an alternative to the protectionist approach, Kellner advocates a media literacy that demonstrates the potential of new media and technology to empower students.
Media can be used as strong avenues of self-expression and social activism 7. We should use media as a tool, and cease viewing the media as the enemy to educated civilization, as a pedestrian form of social expression. Protectionists fail to recognize the positive power of all media by overemphasizing the relevance of print. On the other hand, Kellner notes that educators must "avoid an uncritical media populism," in which we pander to the lowest common denominator in popular culture 8.
Kellner's message is on balance and critical thinking. What modern educators need is a blend between the glorification of pop culture imagery and censorship. When technology is adapted for the use of education, it can be an immensely powerful tool. For example, students who are…… [Read More]. Social and Political Context of Diversity. Changing Social and Political Education System The social and political context of diversity as it applies to education seems to be in a point of confusion.
The conservative movement in favor of the English only classroom in publicly funded schools has been fueled by the terrorist events that occurred in September of Those same events also fuel the cause of diversity in education in both a social and a historical sense.
Though these two issues are not by any means the same they do reflect attention in very separate areas of educational trend setting. Even before the September 11th events occurred the backlash toward multicultural education had taken a strong hold on the political perspective. Ron Unz, the Silicon Valley entrepreneur who in helped push forward California Proposition mandating English-only instruction, for example, has broadened his horizon.
Learn and Gladly Would He Teach Chaucer, , 17 According to the classical ideal, a teacher teaches his or her students, and learns from his or her students as well as a part of the learning process. However, the ideal role of the contemporary teacher in a public school setting, particularly in the lower grades, has become especially murky in regards to values education. Individuals such as the former Secretary of Education and conservative educator William Bennett have suggested in texts such as his The Book of Virtues, that a true education is impossible without children becoming instilled with a society's core set of values.
The poet Langston Hughes once asked if the proverbial "dream deferred" of a young person's thwarted ambition in life "dried up like a raisin in the sun" or "does it explode? In Chapter 14 of the educational anthology of essays entitled Kaleidoscope, perhaps to suggest the dizzying array of solutions offered to the even more overwhelming amount of problems faced by today's educators, Stanley Eitzen attempts to offer some answers to the poet Hughes' rhetorical question.
Eitzen's essay "Problem Students: The Sociocultural Roots" posits the idea that so-called 'problem students,' contrary to much of current educational fashion today, do not simply have problems in school because of…… [Read More]. Diversity in the Classroom Community. Another factor that impacts the level of community resources offered is that many of the schools do not offer intramural activities for elementary school students.
Participation in these group activities are most often children from middle to middle upper class families; due in part to cost and accessibility. Those representing the lower socioeconomic strata tend to take greater advantage of the social services available within the community. Social services purported to be available including both state funded and privately funded organizations that offer basic services including food, clothing and shelter, as well as public welfare such as Temporary Assistance to Need Families, Social Security benefits, Medicaid and Medicare.
The Department of Family and Children Services is a large provided of social services and serves as the gatekeeper to many of the private agencies that offer foster care, domestic violence counseling services, child welfare services, as well as many levels of…… [Read More].
Newer studies reveal that even late-childhood experiences are influential, capable of altering a child's developmental course. A majority of contemporary psychologists discuss sensitive, rather than critical, phases, which are phases when an individual is found to be particularly reactive towards or equipped to handle particular experiences. Hence, while childhood is deemed to be the ideal age to independently learn any second language i. Different Individuals' Development Occurs at Different Paces Within classroom settings, one can witness several examples demonstrating varied developmental rates of pupils.
While some pupils will be better, faster, organized or more responsible and conscientious with regard to their social relationships and attitudes, others may be relatively slower…… [Read More].
Curriculum Are Social Forces Human. The third step is creating which is doing. It is taking action on what you find, what you suspect, what you think will make a difference. The last step is confirming. In this stage, you are evaluating your efforts, learning from feedback, and starting the cycle again. Define "data-driven" decision making. Data driven decision making uses student assessment data and relevant background information, to inform decisions related to planning and implementing instructional strategies at the district, school, classroom, and individual student levels.
Data literacy consists of a person possessing a basic understanding of how data can be used to inform instruction. Studies have often shown that if instructional plans at the state, county, district, school, classroom, and individual student levels are based on assessment information relevant to the desired learning outcomes for students, the probability is increased that they will attain these desired learning outcomes.
Data from a variety…… [Read More]. Research has shown that for children to learn how to use mathematics to organize, understand, compare, and interpret their experiences, mathematics must be connected to their lives. Such connections help students to make sense of mathematics and view it as relevant. There has, however, been controversy with regard to children from non-English backgrounds and the best ways to get them to make those connections.
Questions are raised regarding how to instruct these children who are referred to as English language learners ELL's. Should they initially be taught in their native language with gradual exposure to English in language classes, or should they be immersed in English as early as possible.
Based upon ideas presented in research studies and my own ideas as a former bilingual teacher,…… [Read More]. China-Puerto Rico K -- 12 Students in. The rating standards are set by areas such as Shanghai-China, and Hong-Kong China is areas such as Combined reading literacy scale and reading literacy sub-scales in the table below in areas such as those in the table below as…… [Read More]. Multiculturalism Is an Extremely Important.
Secondly, it is also important that children should recognize the inequalities and biases currently existing in the world. Tasks based upon this understanding are probably more appropriate for higher grades. To teach this, I would prefer to let students work in groups. I would assign to each group a type of action research task, where they will be required to research a particular culture, and the challenges faced by this culture in the social, economic and cultural world.
As a basis for this, each group will also be required to research the history of the culture within the country. This is then also offered to the class in presentation format, with a question and answer period at the end of each presentation. In conclusion, I believe that there should be a balance between the understanding that culture is important, but also that different cultures face different challenges in the world.
Diversity There Is a High Degree of. According to the U. Census Bureau , the county has Within these categories, there is significant diversity. Of the white population, only This indicates that there is significant diversity in the community, something that will have tremendous implications for the county school system. Most of the non-English speakers are Spanish-speakers, but not all. The county has a significant percentage of Brazilians, for example. Among the black population, most are African-American but a sizable minority are Haitians, many of whom speak Haitian Creole in the…… [Read More].
Undocumented Students Equity to in-State Tuition: Reducing The Barriers There exist policy ambiguities and variations at federal, state, and institutional levels related to undocumented student access to and success in higher education and this has created problems for these students. This study investigated specific policies and procedures to provide the resources and capital to assist undocumented students as well as reviewed key elements of showing the correlation of these difficulties with ethnic identity in access and equity to higher education that would help eliminate student's frustration.
The study also illustrated that there is no accountability system surrounding the success of undocumented student's postsecondary education divide significant structure. Three research questions guided the study; a Without the fundamental requirements met how will undocumented students achieve their goal to attain a degree, and seek a rewarding career?
Motivation Motivating the Seemingly Unmotivated. Extrinsic rewards should only be used when other efforts to actively engage students in learning has failed; 3 In the event extrinsic rewards must be utilized, they should be "just powerful enough to control behavior" and should be eliminated in phases before all intrinsic motivation is lost. Jones, Vermette, and Jones posit in their article, "An Integration of "Backwards Planning' Unit Design with the "Two Step" Lesson Planning Framework," planning and engaging students in effective lessons is a fundamental component of successful teaching and therefore, motivating students Skowron, The authors created the concept of backwards planning which requires educators to start with a nominal list of essential questions all students must answer by the end of the lesson plan.
With the end goal in mind, teachers then design assessments based on those understandings and strategically crafted lessons to achieve the desired objectives. Once the goals and assessments have been…… [Read More]. ELL students in public schools. Data provided in the literature demonstrates that by , more than half of all students in American public schools will speak a language other than English Devoe, In some schools the total number of students whose first language is not English is much higher.
Devoe argues that in these districts, a catch has developed which makes it difficult for schools to provide educational services to ELLs. Specifically, ELL students that do not pass reading and math competence tests are labeled as "in need of improvement.
Teach Effectively it Is Critical. Learning about bullying has revealed the darker side of cultural integration. When students are bullied, their self-esteem suffers.
They are prevented from being welcomed into the dominant culture and may also become hostile to the learning process itself. To avoid bullying, students need to build on a reserve of self-confidence.
Associating with other English language learners is a good way to build a reserve of self-confidence. However, my job is to teach students how to best get across points in English. This means advocating for the students and helping them to feel like their culture is equal to that of the dominant culture.
References "English Language Teaching Methodology. An Indian father's plea. Racism and Ethnocentrism in the Media Even though they are straightforwardly and often confused, race and racism ought to be distinguished from ethnicity and ethnocentrism.
Despite the fact that extreme ethnocentrism may take the matching offensive form and may have the same calamitous consequences as tremendous racism, there are important differences connecting the two concepts. Ethnicity, which shares culturally contingent features, classifies all human groups. It pertains to a sense of individuality and membership in a group that shares widespread language, cultural personality standards, beliefs, religion, food habits, backgrounds, etc. Almost every group of humans are members of some edifying ethnic group, sometimes several.
The majority of such groups feel -- to different degrees of intensity -- that their method of life, their foods, clothing, habits, attitudes, values, and so onwards, are better than those of other factions Kiselica, The most important…… [Read More].
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The six goals of multicultural education are: cultural pluralism, educational fairness, individual relations, cross-cultural competency, incorporation of studies on .
- Multicultural Education Getting Rid of the Stereotypes, and Teaching in a Multicultural Perspective Overview: It is rare that any two-classroom teachers will have .
Multicultural Education Issues 1 Multicultural Education Issues Multicultural Education Issues The purpose of this study is to discuss teachers resistance to multicultural education and how it affecting the minority students and ELL learners. Multicultural education is a term used to describe a wide variety of programs and practices. It relates to "educational equity, women, ethnic groups, language minorities, low-income groups, and people with disabilities" (Banks, 6).
We have had to address multicultural education and the educational needs of our students which continue to be a struggle for educators. Multicultural education programs could be put into three categories. Content-focused, student focused, and socially focused. Content-focused is known to be the most common type of multicultural educational. Multicultural education sample essay. Studying at LFNY presented an opportunity for interacting with a wide variety of diverse cultures. In essence, there were students from variant Francophone countries, .