Rain did fall along other parts of the river, however. Every year the water from that rain would flow downstream and eventually flood the lands of ancient Egypt. Afterward, as the waters flowed back, they left rich mud behind. The Egyptians planted wheat and barley in the mud.
They grew other fruits and vegetables using irrigation channels of water. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Britannica does not review the converted text.
To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Life in Ancient Egypt. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. To make paper, they would cut papyrus reeds into strips and spend quite a few days soaking them, rolling them out and repeating that process until the reeds were very thin.
All of the thin reeds would be pounded together and clamped down to dry, then polished to smooth it out — the result was a thin yet very strong sheet that was ready to be written or drawn on. The papyrus reeds were actually used for a lot of things besides paper.
It was good for making mats to put on the floor, twisting into rope, plaiting together to make boats, and weaving to make baskets and sandals. The Egyptians also ate it, and used it to make different medicines.
The Egyptians made a lot of discoveries about medicine. We know this from reading what they wrote on papyrus, discovered later by archaeologists. They understood about heartbeats and listening for a healthy pulse, and knew how the body and organs worked because of the process of making mummies.
They also learned about the ways that different plants healed different illnesses and injuries, such as aloe vera being good for healing burns. Egyptian society was ranked into different classes, called a hierarchy. It went like this:. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.
Who were the Egyptians? They lived in a very dry area, but they got water from the Nile River the longest river in the world! Farming techniques to water crops included using machines like the sakia and the shaduf — these are still used in Egypt today.
The Egyptians created paper using reeds, called papyrus. They wrote using pictures called hieroglyphics that stood for different words. Only certain people studied how to write, and they worked as scribes. Scribes were ranked in the middle of the order of social groups in Egypt — the pharaoh was at the very top of this list, and slaves were at the very bottom. The Egyptians build pyramids as places to bury their kings and queens, who were called pharaohs.
The Egyptians were very good at maths — they had to be, to work out how to build pyramids so perfectly! Both men and women wore make-up. Egypt was part of Greece, and then the Roman Empire. People began to build homes and farm in the Nile Valley. Hieroglyphics started to be used.
Pyramids started to be built. King Rameses II ruled. Egypt was conquered by the Assyrians. Egypt was conquered by the Persians. Alexander the Great from Greece conquered Egypt and founded Alexandria. The writings on the Rosetta Stone were carved. Cleopatra VII ruled; she was the last pharaoh.
Egypt became a part of the Roman Empire. It took a long time to make papyrus, but it was easier than carrying around heavy clay tablets, which is what they did before. They wrote in pictures called hieroglyphics. Each picture means something so when you see a few different kinds of pictures in a row, you know what the writer is trying to say. The Egyptians used pictures for writing numbers too — different pictures stood for units, tens and hundreds.
The Egyptians were very advanced at maths — they figured out how to work out tricky problems that helped other people after them understand more about maths. In fact, people who lived in other countries even knew that the Egyptians were the best at maths!
The story of ancient Egypt has survived for thousands of years. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the past. The monuments and tombs of their Pharaohs continue to stand intact today, .
Villages and towns of ancient Egypt were situated near the Nile River. It was the chief highway as well as the only source of water. Very little rain fell in ancient Egypt.
Homework Help. Glossaries: maths, English, science Homework Gnome: History; Egyptian life and culture. Who were the Egyptians? Egypt is a country in Africa. People have lived in that region for thousands and thousands of years – we call them the Ancient Egyptians. Bracelets worn in Ancient Egypt; A scarab pendant from Ancient Egypt. Pyramids and mummies What are pyramids and mummies? When people in Egypt died, they were mummified – this was a long process of preserving the body, and .
These links are for fact-seekers, and to help students with their ancient Egypt homework and school projects. We hope teachers and homeschoolers will also find it to be a useful reference guide. To return to this page, simply click on the Fact Guide button in the menu bar above. We continue to build the resources frequently. Want more fascinating facts about Ancient Egypt? Then make sure you check out our other Ancient Egyptian features! Image credits Egypt map: National Geographic Maps. Mosque in Egypt: Rraheb, Dreamstime. Man pouring juice, Cairo, Egypt: Jackmalipan, Dreamstime. Outdoor cafe in Cairo, Egypt: Jackmalipan, Dreamstime.