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Using Specific and Concrete Diction

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In his biography of Orwell, Michael Shelden called the article "his most important essay on style", [10] while Bernard Crick made no reference to the work at all in his original biography, reserving his praise for Orwell's essays in Polemic , which cover a similar political theme.

Linguist Geoffrey Pullum —despite being an admirer of Orwell's writing—criticised the essay for "its insane and unfollowable insistence that good writing must avoid all phrases and word uses that are familiar". Merriam—Webster's Dictionary of English Usage refers to three statistical studies of passive versus active sentences in various periodicals, stating: Orwell runs to a little over 20 percent in 'Politics and the English Language'. Clearly he found the construction useful in spite of his advice to avoid it as much as possible".

Introductory writing courses frequently cite this essay. Orwell's 'Politics and the English Language' and English Composition" set in motion a "wide variety of critiques, reconsiderations, and outright attacks against the plain style" [18] that Orwell argues for. The main issue found was Orwell's "simplistic faith about thought and language existing in a dialectical relation with one another; others quickly cut to the chase by insisting that politics, rightly considered, meant the insertion of an undercutting whose before every value word the hegemony holds dear".

Orwell's writings on the English language have had a large impact on classrooms, journalism and other writing. George Trail, in "Teaching Argument and the Rhetoric of Orwell's 'Politics and the English Language'", says that "A large part of Orwell's rhetorical approach consists of attempting at every opportunity to acquire reader participation, to involve the reader as an active and engaged consumer of the essay.

Popular journalism is full of what may be the inheritance of Orwell's reader involvement devices". Orwell's preoccupation with language as a theme can be seen in protagonist Gordon Comstock's dislike of advertising slogans in Keep the Aspidistra Flying , an early work of his. This preoccupation is also visible in Homage to Catalonia , and continued as an underlying theme of Orwell's work for the years after World War II. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Orwell's Prep School Woes". Geoffrey Pullum - Language Log.

Retrieved 7 September Retrieved 18 January Western Political Science Association. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Politics and the English Language " dated , and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. Retrieved from " https: EngvarB from September Use dmy dates from September All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Spoken articles Articles with hAudio microformats Articles with Project Gutenberg links.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 5 September , at While the first person nature of a reflective essay is the primary format and can keep the writing from seeming awkward or phony, structuring sentences to begin with something other than the pronoun can make the story easier to read and more engaging. Most reflective essays should be written in the past tense since the author is writing about an event she has already experienced.

In either case, the difference in time between the event and the reflections should be clear. A reflective essay mainly uses two forms of language: Use concrete language to describe the experience that forms the heart of your reflective essay. Concrete language refers to anything that you can literally see, hear, smell, taste or touch. This descriptive language brings life to your writing and can draw a reader into an essay more than writing without sensory or descriptive details.

While these are concrete details, a reflective essay focuses on the author's experiences; the descriptive and sensory details may vary from the author to how someone else remembers the same event.

This reflection of the details in the essay is part of what brings the author's voice to the reader. The point of this type of essay is to bring that reader as close to the experience as possible.

In your reflections on this experience, you will most likely need to use abstract language that talks about ideas that are not concrete and are intangible by definition. Again, in this form of essay, the author's reflection on these less concrete ideas or feelings are what makes the essay unique and personal.

This next rhetorical essay strategy is the key to great organization and structure that will put your test anxiety to bed. There is a simple paragraph structure for the body paragraphs of the AP English Language rhetorical essay that will allow you to think, write, and score higher, faster. You need to begin each body paragraph with an assertion or claim.

That is the point that you are trying to make clear to your audience what you will be proving. A great example of this is from the AP English Language rhetorical essay. You can see how the student directly asserts what he or she will be proving in this statement. The next step in constructing your body paragraph is to give one to two pieces of textual evidence.

Be sure to state why these quotations relate back to your claim, otherwise they will be deemed irrelevant by the examiners. Here, the student brings in elements from the text to support his or her claim about Hazlitt using diction. The final part of this strategy for conquering the body paragraphs of your rhetorical essays is to end those body paragraphs with a thorough analysis.

This is the aspect of the exam where you can put your way of looking at the text into your essay. This analysis of the text adds to the textual examples above and continues to bring in new logic from the student.

When this format of a body paragraph is followed, then it is extremely effective. The essay becomes clear, assertive, and easy to follow for the examiners.

Follow this rhetorical essay strategy and you are even closer to getting that 5 on the exam. These elements will help you form your argument. When you read through your passage you want to think about how the author is utilizing language. Is he or she using figurative language effectively? Is there imagery within the passage? Does the diction of the passage make it more rhetorically persuasive?

You should not use all of these, but picking one and analyzing it clearly in one paragraph will keep you focused on how the author uses rhetoric, which is the main task of this essay. An example of this was in the AP English Language rhetorical essay.

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Essay on Symbolism, Imagery and Diction in Homer’s Odyssey - Symbolism, Imagery and Diction in Homer’s Odyssey During the course of history, the world has seen many fine works of literature like Homer’s epic, Odyssey.

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Diction From “Voice Lessons” Diction refers to the author's choice of words. Words are the writer's basic tools: they create the color and texture of the.

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Put it all together and this is what one paragraph of the body of a rhetorical analysis essay might look like: Informal diction is often used in narrative essays and newspaper editorials. Colloquial diction and slang are typically used to capture the language of a particular time frame. Authors use diction to express the mood of the writing and how they feel about it. In The Secret Sharer and Other Stories the author, Joseph Conrad, uses diction to express an informed and descriptive feel.. The use of formal language forms a trust in the author because of the intelligent mood it 3/5(2).

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Diction and syntax essay essays"Every Sentence has a truth waiting at the end of it and the writer learns how to know it when he finally gets there."(Mao II, p). This is true of every written work however obscure, but it is even more so with the works that we have read in Contemporary L. diction Essays | See the List of Sample Papers For Free - Bla Bla Writing.