Generally, it works by either giving a reward for an encouraged behavior, or taking something away for an undesirable behavior. Existentialism is important to discuss here as well, and is often seen to be a very drastic way to examine human behavior. There are two types of existentialism.
One is Atheistic Existentialism, and the other is Theistic Existentialism. Atheistic existentialism has its basis in the statement that the entire cosmos is composed only of matter, and human beings see reality in two forms.
Those forms are subjective and objective. People who believe in Atheistic Existentialism do not believe that anyone or anything specific made the world. They do not know whether it…… [Read More]. Male Teacher etention in Early Childhood Programs: This cursory observation is solidly supported by the fact that fewer than five percent of all early childhood teachers in the United States are male U. Department of Education, There are a wide variety of reasons why so few men remain in the field of early childhood education.
These reasons include suspicion, subtle discrimination, social isolation, pressure to move into administrative position away from children, and a double standard for behavior and performance Sargent, Importantly, the recent upsurge of reports of sexual and physical abuse in schools has made many male teachers feel vulnerable to unfounded charges of sexual or physical abuse against children in their care.
Certainly, our societal tendency to see males as perpetrations of violent…… [Read More]. Effective Communication Skills for Early Childhood Educators In any organizational setting, there is an overarching need for effective communication, making the need for effective communication skills an important asset in virtually any workplace setting.
Consequently, some practitioners maintain that effective communication skills are the most essential skill for early childhood educators as well. To determine the accuracy of this assertion, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning the importance of effective communication skills for early childhood educators, followed by a summary of the research and important findings in the conclusion.
In her text, Leadership in Early Childhood, odd , p. Each teacher profile will include discussions and interviews about their teaching and change implementation. The ideas for change will be based upon their own knowledge, skills, and dispositions along with evidence from the recorded and observed videotapes.
After viewing their own instruction, practitioners began the process of implementing change for individual students as well as for their class overall. Teachers shared this experience with others in their school and provided information regarding their results based on the following three areas: Diversity Into Early Childhood Despite. Information can also be added that relates to families, parents, and others whose primary culture and language are not in the mainstream.
Using children's literature to teach diversity: It is not a new idea for teachers to use literature to educate young children. But because Gillian Potter and colleagues assert that teachers are being challenged "as never before" to create experiences that are culturally meaningful to all children -- literature has come under a new and vitally important focus.
And for those purposes, children's literature is a "powerful resource" to aid children in the knowledge of their known world, and literature allows them to travel to other worlds and "explore the unfamiliar" Potter, , p. For children of diverse cultures literature enhances their development of language, it fosters intellectual development and supports the growth of the child's personality and moral development as well, Potter goes on p.
Teacher of Early Childhood the. Australian Early Childhood Literacy. Curriculum Early Childhood Education Literacy is considered to be a fundamental human right and is considered to be "essential to social and human development," used for exchanging knowledge and ideas" UNESCO, The development of literacy is critical to learning, in particular the development of communication skills, critical thinking and fostering the ability to analyse and comprehend material Australian Curriculum, n.
While basic reading and writing skills are the foundation of literacy, the concept of multiliteracies reflects that there are many different purposes for which students must become literate. Literacy is not simply about learning the mechanics of a language, but about being able to function in a society.
Multiliteracies recognizes this, in particular that language is used for business, for social purposes, and for the performance of everyday tasks. The concept has emerged in light of the realization that simply being able to read and write is insufficient for…… [Read More]. Gap Early Childhood Intervention and the Development. Early intervention consists of the provision of services for such children and their families for the purpose of lessening the effects of their condition.
Early intervention may focus on the child alone or on the child and the family together. Early intervention programs may be center-based, home-based, hospital-based, or a combination.
Early intervention may begin at any time between birth and school age; however, there are many reasons for it to begin as early as possible. Early Intervention is the key to achieving the most positive outcome in aiding the disabled child to develop as normally as possible.
There are three primary reasons for intervening early with an exceptional child: NAEYC developed this position statement in order to support its early childhood program accreditation system, which recognizes and sanctions programs that offer appropriate early childhood practices.
Because of this system, early childhood educators can have a clear idea of suitable early childhood practices. This way they might not use inappropriate developmental and academic expectations to prepare children for public school kindergarten programs Houser and Osborne, n. Having regulations such as the CA State licensing egulations, Title 22, helps to make sure that all of the fundamental elements of DAP and NAYEC are in place and are supporting the early childhood programs philosophies.
These regulations are needed in order to make sure that quality…… [Read More]. Early Childhood and Literacy. Language acquisition is essential for a child's social, physical and cognitive development. It plays a vital role in developing an individual who would be able to express himself adequately to his family, friends and the world around him.
A vast majority of the children can develop linguistic skills effortlessly, whereas some have difficulty in developing these essential skills. They are slow to learn a language and eventually struggle with academic and literacy skills throughout their educational career. The first few years of a child's life are important and critical for their performance. This project examines the issues related to language development in first two years of a child's life.
It also discusses the importance of the language and the role linguistics play in preparing a child for his academic…… [Read More]. Education of Young Children John. III, 3] Locke consistently favored the role played by parents in early childhood education for he argued that children learn best when they are exposed to knowledge from an early age by their parents. Nurturing by adults was thus an essential component of Locke's education philosophy.
However ousseau did not agree with such intervention. He felt that a child could develop his mental capacities best when allowed to use his own reason without supervision of a guide. The role of nature is more important in ousseau's education philosophy and hence he opposed Locke's views on nurturing.
He thus doesn't need to depend on adults but rather only on his own reasoning faculty. He thus encouraged freedom and non-habitual learning: He explained that a…… [Read More]. Early Childhood Special Education Curriculum, Instruction and Methods Projects This beginning chapter delineates education to the young children with special needs. In particular, early childhood special education mirrors impact and acclaimed practices resultant from the special education and early childhood fields.
In the present, emphasis that is laid on early childhood does not encompass whether these young children can be provided with special needs service in typical settings but focus is rather on how the design of these inclusive programs can be most efficacious.
Therefore, taking this into consideration, it is necessary to have early intervention for children with disabilities. However, an important element that is delineated in the chapter is that in as much as these children have special needs, they ought not to be treated in a dissimilar manner.
The programs of early intervention for kids and preschoolers with special needs have to be centered on the similar…… [Read More]. Social Change and Positive Outcomes for Young Children and Families As an individual who has been involved in learning about and enacting various measures to implement early childhood education, I have entertained several different philosophies and methodologies on this subject. Therefore, I believe that I am more than qualified to identify what the aims of early childhood education are.
Prior to denoting what those aims are, I believe it is relevant to discuss some of my experience within this field, which has encompassed working with small and large groups, individuals, and partaking in a number of conferences and conversations with both teachers, administrators and parents, which is a part of "school accountability" Wong and Wang, , p. What I have learned from my experience within this field is that the principle objectives of this particular discipline are to provide the foundation for children to effectively mold and shape the…… [Read More].
Education and Spiritual Development of Children. Spiritual Development of Children and Education Ruth Wilson in the work entitled "The Spiritual Life of Children" writes that there is an expanding body of evidence which "indicates that children have spiritual capacities and experiences which shape their lives in powerful and enduring ways. Education Training for Teachers in Technology. For the purpose of this study, reading development includes a range of skills, including letter recognition, sound identification and basic comprehension and retrieval.
The age ranged focused on in this study is birth through age eight, and is focused on a range of educational setting. The primary source of information on this topic came from a survey of the literature, but this secondary information was supplemented by observation and surveying of two teachers with different approaches to teaching reading. The results of this observational study that I performed are somewhat inconclusive, due in large measure to the significant limitation placed on the story by the size of the group being studied.
However, while certainly more could have been learned if the sample had been larger than two the sample had originally…… [Read More]. Once this occurs, is when their horizons are expanded from taking this kind of focus.
Harcourt, Howes, Burger, Authentic inclusion of children with varying abilities The educator will take into account the child's abilities and will steer them in a direction that enhances them. This takes place by sparking their interest in a variety of areas. When this happens, the student will have a desire to want to learn more.
Harcourt, Howes, Burger, How do you think your findings on this research compare with Global Quality Guidelines? Why is it important to be critical about the research you read, especially as it relates to the experiences of young children and families who cultures may…… [Read More]. To strengthen family and community bonds in a way that respects the family's privacy, I would first approach them to offer a warm welcome gift.
If the family seemed receptive to socializing and integrating with the community, then I would be able to take the relationship a step further. Otherwise, it would be wrong to assume that the family is interested in immediately engaging in social activities that are artificial, structured, and potentially of no interest to them. It is important to understand the cultural variables that are at stake too. If the family speaks different languages than the ones already spoken in our community, it might be helpful to find some way of learning about that family's language and culture.
The children should be encouraged to talk about their background, their way of life, and…… [Read More]. The language used to described non-normative populations is often accompanied by a vigorous and often difficult discussion regarding what kinds of words are academically, professionally, and medically describing abnormal populations.
One such term with an interesting history is the term "mental retardation. Dunlap elaborates upon the definition of mental retardation that the AAIDD proposes, stating that it is "a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive…… [Read More]. Development in Early Childhood Play Years. Play Years Early childhood is a time of rapid mental, physical and emotional growth.
As children move past infancy, they begin to explore their surroundings and to build relationships with other children. Four areas of early childhood will be explored; the differences between male and female brain development, pretend play in early childhood, conflict negotiation, and the male and female approaches to relationships and problem solving.
Biology and Language Scientists have been aware for many years that there are physical differences between the physiology of male and female brains, especially in the way that language is processed. Experts generally tend to agree that women are superior at language skills, while men are stronger in spatial skills.
The reason women are better at language is because females have a larger and thicker corpus callosum, which is a bundle of neurons that connects the two hemispheres of the brain and…… [Read More]. Literacy Development for Early Childhood Learners.
Literacy Experience CE Children's Literacy Comprehensive Early Literacy Experience Teachers and educators are constantly faced with the need to make instructional decisions depending on their knowledge of every learner.
The process entails consideration of every learner's entry point into a certain instructional experience, evaluation of the learner's experience, and constantly changing the instruction to enhance the learner's achievement. This has led to the development of different instructional measures in attempts to enhance students' achievements. A comprehensive approach to literacy instruction means that students or learners must be good readers and good writers.
This approach incorporates aspects of meaning-based and skills-based techniques through two components i. The benefits of this blended approach include providing students opportunities to read and write, ensure learners have direct instruction, ensures necessary skills are taught, and enables students to develop accuracy and authenticity. Parts of the eading…… [Read More]. Concepts Poverty is increasing most rapidly in families with young children.
While poverty only rose by 1. In fact, young families with children are more than six times as likely to be impoverished as older families Sum, This marks a shift in communities at-risk for poverty, from the elderly to children Sum, In addition, this wealth disparity is not only visible among the impoverished. Planning and Implementing Early Childhood Assessment. Developmentally Appropriate Instructional Goals Cognitive Instructional Goal Motor Instructional Goal Physical Instructional Goal Language Instructional Goal Mission Statement The purpose of early childhood assessment is to document the present status of the child with regard to developmental milestones and to identify any developmental areas that require follow-up assessment or follow-along.
Assessment of very young children needs to be integral to their daily activities. Children change very rapidly and it is too easy to assume that they have reached developmental milestones in all areas: Common issues during early childhood. Child Psychology The author of this brief report has been asked to answer a number of questions relating to child psychology and the development thereof as a child ages and grows.
The primary source of answers that shall be used for the answers shall be the tenth chapter of the Berger book.
However, the text itself offers other sources and there is a wealth of information on the topics to be discussed in the scholarly sphere. While every child is different and thus develops in their own way, there are tried and true patterns and standards that most children are held to based on the development and progress of millions of prior children. Emotional development is indeed something that is very strong and in motion when it comes to the early childhood time.
As a young child grows, this is when their emotional regulation comes into focus and this in…… [Read More]. Education Theories Knowledge of Learning. Frank Pajares, writing in Reading and riting Quarterly Pajares , points out that in his view of Bandura's social learning theory, individuals are believed to possess "self-beliefs that enable them to exercise a measure of control over their thoughts, feelings, and actions.
A Review of the Literature" based on Bandura, behaviorists can better predict what individuals are capable of based on "their beliefs about their capabilities" than by what they are actually capable of accomplishing.
This aspect of self-efficacy carries over into a student's writing abilities; and a writer with a "strong sense of confidence" may excel while writing an essay because there will be less apprehension over the quality of what the writer is trying to express. The writer may have some doubts about whether…… [Read More]. Education Is Important Aspect and. This task can be performed with the support of animated movies. The teacher can introduce a certain character within the documentary, and seek the participation of the students for understanding of the traits and behavior of the particular character, and at the end of the day; the teacher can relate those traits with the essence of moral and ethical values.
This is an important aspect that has to be handled and treated with due diligence, because unless the teacher is successful in making their students respect them, it will be difficult to communicate and teach the students, otherwise. Education Factors Relating to the.
According to a British Study conducted on all students born in the first week of March , and following them through adolescence and on until the age of twenty-three: There were no average differences between grouped and ungrouped schools because within the grouped schools, high-group students performed better than similar students in ungrouped schools, but low-group students did worse.
Students in remedial classes performed especially poorly compared to ungrouped students with similar family backgrounds and initial achievement. With low-group losses offsetting high-group gains, the effects on productivity were about zero, but the impact on inequality was substantial. High-ability students benefited from segregation, but low-ability students did even worse than before.
And while low-ability pupils received no benefit whatsoever from the tracking system, neither did their schools. The net gain in performance among…… [Read More]. Early Child Learning What is the basic meaning of the term data-supported or data driven instruction?
The basic meaning of the term data-supported instruction is that individuals should utilize practices that are supported by data as the foundation for their teaching methods to use with students.
There are a number of different teaching methodologies that one can employ that are either corroborated or unsubstantiated by quantifiable data. Data-driven instruction is largely based on analytics and various forms of analyzing data. Many of these different forms are based on statistics. However, the point of these analytics is that instructors can actually determine -- in advance to using them in their own classrooms -- best practices for teaching that are demonstrable due to findings that are rooted in data.
As such, there is less need to rely on instinct and it is becoming mor readily available to utilize data to influence any…… [Read More]. Education for Hispanic Students in. Online available at http: Berkeley University Online available at http: Education No Child Left Behind.
What works for one child is not necessarily going to work for the next. So how can one promote the use of standardized tests as the only way to measure educational learning and success? Each child should be taught by the best teachers that there are and each school should be held accountable for making sure that this occurs. But the measuring device that this act relies on is faulty.
It places so much emphasis on the scores of the tests that all of the other educational ideas are being lost among the numbers. Arts Education Policy eview. Paying Teachers According to Student Achievement: Derthick, Martha and Dunn, Joshua M. Early Childhood Reading Education. States have the ability to adopt the federal CCSS.
The CCSS intended to provide new expectations for each grade level. There are a number of different instructional approaches for language. Meaning-based approaches are based on the idea that children learn about literacy mainly through activities, interaction and observation, with little need for formal education. Skills-based approaches are those rooted in five core skills that are related to literacy: Students learn to read by learning skills related to these elements.
The blended approach combines the two, where teachers help the students to build on the base that they acquire via the meaning-based approach. Meaning-based and skills-based perspectives need to be interwoven to provide effective preschool and elementary school education. There are several traits of effective teachers that go along…… [Read More]. Fifth, the NCLB is devoid of any meaningful consequences for failing to achieve federal objectives other than the publication of such failures in conjunction with the rights of parents to request transfers of their children to better-performing academic institutions Darling-Hammond Critics have suggested that the most likely result of enforcement of such limited consequences for noncompliance is the overcrowding of institutions who fulfill the federal requirements to their detriment by virtue of diminution in their ability to meet the educational needs of increased enrollment of low-achieving students Sonnenblick Likewise, the NCLB Act authorizes increased federal funding of home schooling and for-profit institutions that further reduces necessary funds to public institutions.
Sixth, whereas George H. Bush articulated the connection between adequate nutrition and access to healthcare and preparedness to learn in school, the NCLB Act ignores this element entirely. Many critics and career educators believe that any proposed educational…… [Read More].
Sources Committee on Education and Labor. Landmark Education Bills Signed. Early childhood education and care. Works Cited Eager to learn: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Retrieved 13 May at http: Analyze to what extent and in what manner early childhood development programs are made available throughout the U.
Determine, based on current trends and empirical research above , if this current status is sufficient. Retrieved 19 September from http: Retrieved 22 September from http: Howard Gardner and Multiple Intelligences.
The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. Olsen and Sumsion, A. Macquarie University Institute of Early Childhood, References California Department of Education Preschool learning foundations, Vol. Key messages from the position statement.
Food Safety in a child care setting: Teacher-Child Ratios within group size. National Association for the Education of Young Children. Lawrence Kohlberg and Jean Piaget. Viewable respectively at http: Surveillance or personal empowerment? Macro and micro politics of gender and schooling, in B. Critical research perspectives on early childhood pp.
Gender equity in the early years. Child development knowledge and early childhood teacher preparation: Assessing the relationship -- A special collection. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 11, A feminist approach to early childhood education. References Dunlap, Linda L. A state review' Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. Ethics and Politics in Early Childhood Education.
Education, 2 , The Hundred Languages of Children: A Legal Analysis of Issues. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 26 3 , References Early Childhood Cognitive Development. Retrieved May 15, at http: What State Policymakers Can Do. Early Childhood Education Issues. Gerrig, R, Zimbardo, P. Computers in Elementary and Early Childhood Education. Benefits of Technology use. Computer-Assisted Instruction of Early Academic. References 6 declines of modern youth; Kurt Hahn.
Viking Four antidotes to the declines of modern youth -- Kurt Hahn Wilderdom www. How to Raise a Brighter Child: The Case for Early Learning. A Reading Programme for Elementary Schools. The English Teaching Forum. Performance Assessment in Early Childhood Education: The Work Sampling System. The Neglected Key to Learning. Protecting Children from Toxic Stress. Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 14 4 , -- Lasting effects of early education: A report from the Consortium for Longitudinal Studies.
American Psychologist, 47 8 , Early Childhood View Full Essay. Guhn, Guderman and Zumbo , Oliveri, Ercikan and Zumbo , and readings from the text all illuminate some of the ways diverse classrooms function. Early childhood educators face a multitude of issues during the course of their work.
One of the greatest challenges to early childhood educators is assessment, and finding the most appropriate, least biased, and least invasive methods of assessing students from diverse populations.
Assessments should certainly be comprehensive and refer to the whole child, as Guhn, Guderman and Zumbo , Oliveri, Ercikan and Zumbo , and readings from the text all show. Behavioral issues need to be taken into account, as to issues related to social learning and emotional maturity. Yet concrete learning tasks, ranging from language development to specific knowledge, also need to be measured in ways that are sensitive to different learning styles. One way to ensure a fair assessment is simply to use multiple methods of assessment for each child, and to assess for as many factors as possible to avoid overlooking key areas of strength or weakness.
Moreover, administrators or coworkers can monitor assessments or perform independent ones to correct for and address potential biases related to gender or ethnicity. Ideally, observing children in a naturalistic setting over a long period of time would help provide a comprehensive picture of their development. Video recordings might also come in handy for review purposes. Does the prospect and understanding of differential item functioning DIF change your perception of reported scores and rankings on tests such as the PISA?
Explain how DIF may have changed your perception or did not and why? Measurement biases like differential item functioning DIF has changed my perception of reported scores and rankings on tests like the PISA. The plethora of learning that takes place at home and in communities can often supplant or enhance the learning that takes place in the classroom. Social learning in diverse communities also complicates matters related to DIF.
Understanding DIF enhances my personal appreciation for early childhood education methods. Many tests do take place in settings that might enhance DIF, whereas more naturalistic assessments might minimize DIF. Specific methods of controlling for DIF can also be used in more complex data analyses.
While I understand the need for assessments, I do believe that standardized systems like PISA can be seriously flawed in their design and interpretation. Learning more about DIF has helped me envision how to design more appropriate assessment methods while still recognizing the role that specific learning plays in education. Assessments that acknowledge cultural bias, allowing more nuance and greater reliance on holistic teacher observations, will be preferable in early childhood education.
In many cases, multiple assessment methods can be combined to provide a complete picture of a child's development. Retrieved Novemeber 10, from http: Response to Intervention RTI: A Primer for Parents.
Northeast Foundation for Children. Retrieved April 15, from http: What do teachers need? Practitioners' perspectives on early childhood professional development.
Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 24 4 , -- Professional Development in Early Childhood Programs: Process Issues and Research Needs. Early Education Development, 20 3 , -- Reading, writing, and literacy. Child psychology in practice, 4, Dispositional stress, family environment, and class climate among college teachers.
Journal of Research and Development in Education, 21 2 , Personal Teaching Style Questionnaire. Temple University, College of Education. University of California Press. Policy issues in teacher education. Phi Delta Kappan, Recruiting and training men in your center. Child Care Information Exchange, May: Real men or real teachers: A lot of physical exercises, included in the curriculum plan help to strengthen health of the children. All the cognitive activities are combined with physical ones in order to make the process of learning more interesting for children.
It is known that about 9, children who live in Connecticut took part in this program last year. I have visited this program and I can say that all the children are divided according to their age from 3 to 5. There are several age groups. There are some peculiarities in the curriculum plan in each of the groups.
The staff in the Head Start Program acts as partners to parents who take an active part in the educational process of their children. The staff includes not only the teachers but also other specialists such as a speech language therapist and a physical training specialist. The parents are invited to become Head Start volunteers in order to learn more about the development of their child and to raise their own self-confidence.
I have visited the classroom where there are 15 children of four years old. They attend classes five days a week. They have an extended day classroom. There are special rules in the Head Start center. For example, when the children come to the center in the morning they are greeted by the teachers and they should leave their home things at special place. The children usually sit in a circle and talk about different things the teacher asks them.
They learn to express their opinion and develop their communication skills. They usually plan their work. They have an opportunity to choose among the following activities and subjects: The children have an opportunity to move around because the classroom is rather large. There is a special place in the classroom where the children exhibit their hand works. There are gymnasium and a dancing hall where the children feel themselves rather comfortable.
The furniture in the classroom corresponds to the special zones: Cooperative learning is supported by various materials.
- This essay examines the components that contribute to being an effective early childhood educator. Effective early childhood education has been shown to be an evolving and complex process, and is .
Early Childhood essays Early Childhood is a career that offers varies of career opportunities. It is mainly dealing with children ages , therefore job positions are very demanding. The goal of Early Childhood is to help and teach students who first time learners.
Early childhood education is the term often used for describing the education of young children from birth to age 8. Although early childhood education has existed since the creation of kindergarten in the 's, the last decade has seen a tremendous amount of attention devoted to the subject of early education for young children (russianescortsinuae.tk)/5(11). - This essay will discuss communication as being a fundamental part of the early childhood teacher’s role. Educators will communicate with many people during the course of their day. Developing positive .
Although early childhood education has existed since the creation of kindergarten in the 's, the last decade has seen a tremendous amount of attention devoted to the subject of early education for young children (russianescortsinuae.tk). /5(10). Early Childhood Education Essay examples Words 6 Pages “Play is developmentally appropriate for primary-age children and can provide them with opportunities that enrich the learning experience” (Copple & Bredekamp ).