Government Accountability Office, , 7—9. Berrick, Homeland Security , 8. Government Accountability Office, White House, , http: Title of Report in Title Case and Italics , vol. Eastern Europe; The Soviet Union. Foreign Relations of the United States, Government Printing Office, Linda Tang and Daniel R.
Educational Testing Service, National Institutes of Health, Veterinary Studies, , List of Think Tanks, U. Author 1 First and Last Name et al. Last Name et al. Author 7 First and Last Name et al.
Lloyd Dixon et al. Miller, Sue Hoegberg, Michael M. If an original source is unavailable, however, both the original and the secondary source must be listed. Use quoted source for shortened citation. Imaginary Possessions Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, , Harvard University Press, Martin Luther King, Jr. Great Speeches in American History. Infrastructure Development and Chinese Influence in Vietnam.
Database document identification number. Backward in the Saddle. Follow style for source type. Title of Film in Title Case and Italics. Year originally released; Place of Publication: Publisher, year published of the copy you are using. Docurama, , http: Month and day of posting, year of posting. Last modified April 18, Adapted from Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed.
Search this Guide Search. Please report any errors or broken links. Chicago Manual of Style Online. The definitive guide for the Chicago styles. Turabian Quick Guide Sample citations of common reference types. More Turabian Citation Examples Color-coded citation examples of common reference types. Blogs that are part of a larger publication such as a newspaper or website, give the name of the publication after the title of the blog and format appropriately italicize newspaper titles; keep website names in non-italic type.
If the title does not contain the word "blog," add " blog " after the title. Washington is traditionally followed by DC, but other major cities, such as Los Angeles and Baltimore, need no state abbreviation. Book Chapter No quotation marks needed for book sections with generic names, such as Introduction, Foreword, Preface, etc. The citation might include a chapter number, section heading, location number, or paragraph number within the section. Since an unpublished data set is irretrievable, it is treated as a personal communication and therefore not cited in references.
Journals without volume numbers have a comma between the journal title and issue number. Every Vote Counts Amendment, H. Every Vote Counts Amendment. Congressional Hearing online Full hearing Chicago N: Testimony within a Hearing print Chicago N: None Turabian In your text: Include the name and title of the testifier. Court Case Decision Short forms include case names reduced to the name of only one party usually the plaintiff or the nongovernmental party. None Executive Order print Extended format N: None Executive Order print Turabian N: Statutes at Large Chicago N: None Public Law print Published in the U.
Title of Act, U. National Environmental Policy Act, 42 U. Interlocutor Name, type of communication, Full date of communication. Flo Katz, personal communication, September 8, None In your text: Sender, email message to author, Full date of communication.
Quentina Grumbupple, email message to author, October 22, If it does not meet these criteria, then format it as a webpage. How to incorporate secondary sources. Include primary and secondary source information for clarity. Include name of speaker. Wikipedia is not normally an accepted source in academia; please ask your instructor or advisor. Do not italicize the titles of online-only sources such as Wikipedia.
Follow this style for entries in other Wikis. Sep 14, Calhoun Journal Titles Course Reserves. What You Need to Know: BLOG Citations of blog entries are generally relegated to the notes; a frequently cited blog, however, may be included in the bibliography. BOOK Always include page numbers in notes when available. This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.
These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Purdue Online Writing Lab.
Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Chicago Style University of Wisconsin. Gives sample notes for first and second references for a variety of sources. Includes instructions for creating a Works Cited page.
Mather Library Reference does not circulate Turabian, Kate. University of Chicago Press: Gives a good review of how to incorporate quotes and paraphrased material from a variety of sources. Includes instructions for a Works Cited page.
APA Research Paper Format. APA (American Psychological Association) research paper format is often used in papers related to psychology and social sciences. In this citation, there is a general format in referencing through endnotes/footnotes, in-text, and reference pages. Academic papers in APA citation has general writing guidelines.
This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster. MLA Style. These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style.
The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses. This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography. Specific guidelines for formatting a paper in Chicago Style are outlined in manuals such as the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September , and the 7th edition of A Pocket Guide to Writing in History by Mary Lynn Rampolla.
The main idea of Chicago Manual of Style sample paper is to give an author some guidelines to format their academic writing consistently, and not to pick on the choices they make while formatting their papers. The goal here is to make your, for example, Chicago style research paper as clear and readable as it gets - this is the aim that a sample Chicago style paper pursues. In addition to consulting The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) for more information, students may also find it useful to consult Kate L. Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th ed.). This manual, which presents what is commonly known as the "Turabian" citation style, follows the two CMOS patterns of.