The background then leads into the rationale behind the research, revealing whether it is building upon previous research, looking at something that everybody else has overlooked, or improving upon a previous research project that delivered unclear results. This section can then flow into how you are going to fill the gap, laying out your objectives and methodology. You are trying to predict what impact your research will have and the consequences of rejecting or accepting the null hypothesis.
The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example, an ideal experiment should have perfectly randomized samples , but there are many good reasons why this is not always possible.
As long as you warn the reader about this, so that they are aware of the shortcomings, then they can easily judge the validity of the research for themselves. This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion. You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research. You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.
By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves. After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on.
There are a few tips that can help you write a strong introduction, arouse interest and encourage the reader to read the rest of your work. A long and rambling introduction will soon put people off and lose you marks. Stick closely to your outline for the paper , and structure your introduction in a similar way. The entire introduction should logically end at the research question and thesis statement or hypothesis.
The reader, by the end of the introduction, should know exactly what you are trying to achieve with the paper. In addition, your conclusion and discussion will refer back to the introduction, and this is easier if you have a clearly defined problem.
As you write the paper, you may find that it goes in a slightly different direction than planned. You do not have to give too much detailed information; save that for the body of your paper. Make these sentences as interesting as you can. Then state your thesis, which may be done in one or more sentences. The length of your introduction depends on the length and complexity of your project, but generally it should not exceed one page unless it is a very long project or a book.
The average length of an introduction is one half a page. For the example, the regular text is the general introduction to the topic. Example 1 Teenagers in many American cities have been involved in more gangs in the last five years than ever before.
An introduction gives the reader an idea of where you are going in your project so they can follow along. You can give them more background details and supporting evidence for your thesis in the body of the paper itself. Writing a Thesis Statement www. Your thesis statement will be the central part of your introduction. Put it in front of you while you write the introduction.
Instead of going into detail about the subtopics in the introductory statement, simply list them briefly. For example, you might write, "Seniors should own dogs because dog ownership reduces blood pressure, encourages people to exercise more and offers opportunities for socialization.
Later, he taught history and humanities. Ketchum is experienced in 2D and 3D graphic programs, including Photoshop, Poser and Hexagon and primarily writes on these topics. He is a contributor to sites like Renderosity and Animotions. Refining a Thesis Statement. The Parts of the Introduction to a Research Paper. Accessed 14 September Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name.
The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract. It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis.
In your introduction, make note of this as part of the "roadmap" [see below] that you use to describe the organization of your paper. Introductions. The Writing Center.
The introduction should guide readers into your research, providing just enough information so that they are prepared to move on to the rest of the paper. Craft a Solid Opening Sentence Just as with any other type of writing, it is vital to start a research paper with an interesting sentence. An introduction gives the reader an idea of where you are going in your project so they can follow along. You can give them more background details and supporting evidence for .
Introduction to Research Research needs and requirements vary with each assignment, project or paper. Although there is no single "right" way to conduct research, certain methods and skills can make your research efforts more efficient and effective. Though introduction to any writing is frequently associated with beginning, this is not about an introduction to a research paper. Here introduction serves as a crucial outlining part, which presents your topic to the reader.