This idea, like many others prevalent at that time, was attacked by Sigmund Freud. He believed see Freud, for a synopsis, but this theory was put forward considerably earlier that the relationship a child has with its mother is a prototype on which all future relationships are based.
Freud's theory held that the child becomes attached to its mother because she is its source of food, hence she gratifies its most basic needs. Slightly later in childhood, the drive for food is supplemented by another basic drive - the need for sexual pleasure. According to Freud's theory, the mother, who is already an object of love because of her role in satisfying the first need, becomes an object of desire with whom the child wants to gratify its sexual desire this is with reference to boys - an equivalent mechanism was proposed for girls, but much criticised, and Freud eventually admitted to not understanding female sexuality.
In the normal course of growing up, the child comes to accept that this can not be, and sets out to become an adult, and find another figure with whom to satisfy this need.
It follows that if future relationships are a substitute for the mother-child bond, then they will also be modelled on it. Many people have questioned this cynical view of infants, including John Bowlby , He disregarded what he called Freud's "cupboard love" theory of attachment, believing instead that a child is born biologically pre-disposed to become attached to its mother for two important reasons.
These are the need for comfort, and the fear of the unknown, both of which are characteristics that can be observed in all children. Thus the bond with the mother is formed for less crass reasons than simply that she is the provider of sustenance. Bowlby's conjecture has been supported experimentally by Harlow He studied rhesus monkeys, one of the primate species most closely related to humans.
In his study, new-born monkeys were raised without their mothers, instead of which they were provided with two 'mother substitutes'. One was a wire 'mother' equipped with a nipple that provided food, whereas the other was a 'mother doll' made of terry-cloth. Boys are more physically active than girls, in infancy and throughout childhood. They kick, swing their arms and race around the house noticeably more than girls do, as many exhausted parents can testify.
Girls are quite content to sit there and play with their dolls where the boys like trucks and wrestling around. Given a choice of Power Rangers, Tonka, and a Barbie beauty set, the 7 year olds, boys and girls, actually prefer the gender appropriate choices. Accessed September 15, We will write a custom essay sample on Naturalistic Observation specifically for you.
Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. How to cite this page Choose cite format: How about make it original?
Naturalistic Observation essays When given the assignment of Naturalistic Observation, observing at Starbucks seemed like a great idea. Starbucks is a place where people just go to talk and read, with the university being nearby I expected to see college students studying. Starbucks is a well known.
Naturalistic Observation This paper is going to describe the behavioral and cognitive traits that can be inferred from that behavior of a two year old child that I observed in the park as she was playing with her mother. The child that I observed is a girl, has blonde hair and is physically well-developed for her age.
View Essay - Sample Paper on Naturalistic observation from PSYCH at University of Michigan. 1 Men and Women: Who Touches More? Sample Paper 2 I) Introduction This study was a%(15). Although it seems like naturalistic observation and participant observation are simply categories, you should understand that there is a really a continuum of intrusion into the environment. It depends on the extent to which the researcher is involved in the research study.
Observation Paper Glondys Rodriguez Naturalistic Observation My observation took place in a park where a birthday party was celebrating. I looked at a girl of 6 years old or so. The girl was wearing a pink blouse and white pants. I think she was Hispanic. She was about 40 inch tall and weighed around 30 [ ]. Naturalistic observation involves recording subjects' naturally occurring behavior while they are in their natural environment. This experiment revolves around this type of observation. Specifically, it involves the observation of the various human dyads (male-female, male-male, female-female.