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How to Write an Abstract for Your Thesis or Dissertation

Research specification

❶We developed a 9-item scale to measure The most frequently occurring mistake while writing a dissertation abstract is the inability to present personal findings.

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What is an Abstract?

The relative importance of the methodological components discussed in the dissertation abstract will depend on whether any of these components made the study significant in some way. Ask yourself the question: Did any of the following components of research strategy help make my study significant?

The type of research design e. If the answer is YES , greater focus and word count should probably be dedicated to explaining these components of research strategy in the dissertation abstract.

If not, try and summarise the components used more succinctly i. Since the way that you would write the research strategy part of your dissertation abstract will vary depending on the relative significance of these components to your study, we have produced examples to help.

In explaining the approach to research strategy that you adopted in this part of your dissertation abstract, addressing some of the following questions may help:. Often, you will be able to combine the answer to a number of these questions in a single sentence, which will help make the abstract more concise and succinct.

Following a discussion of the components of your research strategy, the dissertation abstract should move on to present the main findings from your research. We use the word findings and not results to emphasise the fact that the abstract is not the section where you should include lots of data; and it should definitely not include any analysis.

It may help to answer some of the following questions in order to write this part of the dissertation abstract:. To what extent are your findings trustworthy i. You should avoid making comments that are vague or over-exaggerate your findings. You should also ensure that you explain the findings in a way that non-experts could understand without having to read additional parts of your dissertation.

The final part of your dissertation abstract should focus on the conclusions from your research and the resultant implications. Bearing in mind the findings that have just been discussed, you need to address questions such as:. When writing the conclusion part of your abstract, remember that these conclusions should be precise and concise.

There is no need to re-summarise what you have already discussed or the contents of your dissertation. This is an informative abstract, not a descriptive one. If you are unsure of the difference, you may find the section, Choosing between dissertation abstract styles: Descriptive and informative , helpful. Furthermore, be careful not to make claims that cannot be supported by your findings.

It is unlikely that you will have changed the world through your study, but you may still have added something significant to the literature, so try and strike the right balance. This article is based on the use of the informative abstract style, not the descriptive style; the former being the typical style adopted in undergraduate and master's dissertations and theses. For a comparison of the two styles - descriptive and informative - see the article, Choosing between dissertation abstract styles: In the next section, Useful phrases when writing a dissertation abstract , we set out some phrases that you may find useful when writing up your dissertation abstract.

These four major components are: In building the background to the study, this part of the abstract should address questions such as: What is the purpose of the research?

Why did you carry out the research? COMPONENT 2 Components of your research strategy The relative importance of the methodological components discussed in the dissertation abstract will depend on whether any of these components made the study significant in some way.

The broad research design e. The research methods e. To examine these questions, the study? We suggest [argue] that a new generation of research in this area needs to address the extended question: We tested these hypotheses using [e.

If you would like us to add more of these kinds of phrases, please leave us feedback. In this study dissertation, research I Leading with research questions This study dissertation, research Leading with research hypotheses This study dissertation, research It was hypothesized that [insert variable] is negatively [positively] related to Leading with a dissertation aim or goals This study dissertation, research Literature component Previous research extent research, previous studies, or prior studies Literature on [insert area of the literature] has focused almost exclusively on This model addresses X e.

Drawing on [insert name] research, we argue that

Your dissertation without language mistakes and blunders?

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The abstract is an important component of your thesis. Presented at the beginning of the thesis, it is likely the first substantive description of your work read by an external examiner. You should view it as an opportunity to set accurate expectations.

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Abstract: “W.J.T. Mitchell has famously noted that we are in the midst of a “pictorial turn,” and images are playing an increasingly important role in digital and multimodal communication. My dissertation addresses the question of how meaning is made when texts and images are united in multimodal arguments.

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Oct 19,  · An abstract is a brief yet thorough summary of your research. Its purpose is to provide readers with a clear overview of what you have investigated and your corresponding conclusions/5(). Mar 10,  · A dissertation abstract is like a brief summary of the dissertation that you are going to write in detail. Sometimes it so happen that most of the students find it difficult to start their dissertation /5(K).

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An abstract is a small window opening into the full content of your research/thesis. It is a type of discourse consisting of five different but complementary moves. Writing a dissertation abstract. A dissertation abstract is a short summary of the entire paper. It gives the readers a decent response on how to perceive your work and is generally considered to be a study overview, not mentioning the conclusions.