It doesn't matter if they are citizens or foreign-owned companies. If they are located within the country's boundaries, the government counts their production as GDP. Socioeconomic status SES is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person's work experience and of an individual's or family's economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education, and occupation.
Social economics is a branch of economics that focuses on the relationship between social behaviour and economics, and it examines how social norms, ethics and other social philosophies that influence consumer behaviour shape an economy, and uses history, politics and other social sciences to examine potential results from changes to society or the economy. Logistics management is a supply chain management component that is used to meet customer demands through the planning, control and implementation of the effective movement and storage of related information, goods and services from origin to destination.
Logistics management helps companies reduce expenses and enhance customer service. Financial literacy is the education and understanding of various financial areas. This topic focuses on the ability to manage personal finance matters in an efficient manner, and it includes the knowledge of making appropriate decisions about personal finance such as investing, insurance, real estate, paying for college, budgeting, retirement and tax planning.
A financial crisis is a situation in which the value of financial institutions or assets drops rapidly. A financial crisis is often associated with a panic or a run on the banks, in which investors sell off assets or withdraw money from savings accounts with the expectation that the value of those assets will drop if they remain at a financial institution.
Modern portfolio theory MPT is a theory on how risk-averse investors can construct portfolios to optimize or maximize expected return based on a given level of market risk, emphasizing that risk is an inherent part of higher reward.
According to the theory, it's possible to construct an " efficient frontier " of optimal portfolios offering the maximum possible expected return for a given level of risk.
Microeconomics is one of the subdivisions in the field of economics that studies individuals, households and firms' behavior in decision making and allocation of resources. It generally applies to markets of goods and services and deals with individual and economic issues. Panel data, also called longitudinal data or cross-sectional time series data, are data where multiple cases people, firms, countries etc were observed at two or more time periods.
The term parameter estimation refers to the process of using sample data in reliability engineering, usually times-to-failure or success data to estimate the parameters of the selected distribution. Several parameter estimation methods are available. This section presents an overview of the available methods used in life data analysis. More specifically, we start with the relatively simple method of Probability Plotting and continue with the more sophisticated methods of Rank Regression or Least Squares , Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Bayesian Estimation Methods.
Accounting is a systematic recording, reporting, and analysis of financial transactions of a business. Accounting allows a company to analyze the financial performance of the business, and look at statistics such as net profit. Profitability is the ability of a trade to earn a profit. A profit is what's left of the sales a industry generates after it pays all expenses straight concerning the generation of the income, similar to producing a product, and other charges related to the behavior of the business' activities.
An idea that holds that smaller firms, or these corporations with a small market capitalization, outperform higher organizations. This market anomaly is an element used to explain superior returns in the Three component mannequin, created through Gene Fama and Kenneth French - the three factors being the market return, organizations with excessive publication-to-market values, and small stock capitalization.
Stock Market Returns are the returns that the investors generate out of the stock market. This return could be in the form of profit through trading or in the form of dividends given by the company to its shareholders from time-to-time. A time sequence is a chain of data points , normally inclusive of successive measurements made over a time interval.
Examples of time sequence are ocean tides, counts of sunspots, and the day-to-day closing value of the Dow Jones Industrial common. Wealth management as an investment-advisory discipline incorporates financial planning, investment portfolio management and a number of aggregated financial services. A trade cycle is an interval of time containing a single growth and contraction in sequence.
Industry cycles are most of the time measured by given that the growth cost of actual gross home product. Regardless of being termed cycles, these fluctuations in financial pastime can show unpredictable. This study estimates the effect of foreign direct investment FDI on economic growth of nine 9 West Africa countries during the period of to , using panel data approach. As a result, the FDI is statistically significant and has a positive effect on economic growth in West Africa countries.
As well, FDI needs support and directive from the government to have better productive activities in order to avoid its adverse effect on GDP of West Africa countries. The paper investigates the impact of infrastructure on economic growth of Pakistan using Jarque-Berra, White test and Breusch-Godfrey techniques for the period More importantly the study finds that infrastructure development in Pakistan has significant positive contribution to growth. The experience from Pakistan suggests that it is necessary to design an economic policy that improves the infrastructure as well as gross fixed capital formation for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.
The purpose of the study was to assess the employability and productivity of the graduates across programs in aid of policy formulation and curricular enhancement.
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About Economics and Economic Education. Journal of Economics and Economic Education Research (JEEER) is a scholarly research journal that offers an open access forum for the publication of the latest trends and research outcome in the field of economics and the economic education. Research Journal of Economics (RJE) is a double-blind peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to promoting scholarly exchange among academicians, corporate practitioners and research scholars in the field of economics, financial economics and marketing.